...and Summer Opportunities/Internships also appear later on this page.

Okay. So what can you do with a degree in mathematics? Actually, just about anything. No really, we mean it -- for pretty much any list you can make of aspects you'd like in a job (dress up? just jeans? work with people? work on your own? etc.), there's some mathematical career that's right for you. One of the reasons that mathematically-trained people are needed in almost every field is that we are known for our excellent problem-solving and critical thinking skills.

Furthermore, according to the Jobs Rated Almanac by Les Krantz, many of the most desirable careers (see a cool summary here and a long list here and the 1999 and 2002 top-ten lists) are technical in nature and require some expertise in the mathematical sciences.

The American Mathematical Society maintains a page on careers, semester and/or summer opportunities, graduate schools, competitions, and other interesting things for undergraduates.

**Some of the career opportunities available to a major in mathematics
include:**

**Actuarial Mathematics** - The application of mathematics, particularly
probability and statistics, to the insurance industry. For more info, check
out Be An Actuary. Here is also an
actuarial job search site and an actuarial
info and jobs site. There's a local company which deals with worker's compensation
(in fact, they do it for XU). Here's their home
page and their jobs page.
Some of their positions are actuarial in nature and require passing actuarial
exams, but others require a strong math background and don't require actuarial
exams. **
**In particular, one can become a

**Applied Mathematics** - Often this means working on problems
in physics, chemistry, and engineering from a mathematical perspective. For
more info, check the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics' career
site. Most government jobs, such as with Sandia,
Argonne, or Oak
Ridge National Labs, NASA, or the Jet
Propulsion Lab, NIST, or the Dept.
of Agriculture are within applied mathematics. Some positions at the National
Security Agency are applied mathematics and some are pure mathematics.

**Biomathematics - **The application of mathematics in the health
sciences. It's an up-and-coming field, and some say it's the next big trend
within mathematics. (Unfortunately, it's new enough that there are lots of graduate
programs, see google,
but no findable career sites as of this writing.) This includes bioinformatics,
a new sort of cs/math/biology hybrid field.

**Biostatistics** - The application of statistics in the health
sciences. Here's an overview
of biostatistics careers and the UWash
and Emory biostatistics
careers pages.

**Computer Science** - A high level of mathematical ability and
background is needed. Check out the XU CS
program pages and consider a double major.

**Financial Mathematics (or Mathematical Finance)** - Mathematics
used on Wall Street, for mortgage backing, financial derivatives, and stock
market analysis. The U of Edinburgh has a good
description of the field; here's a book list.
The field is fairly new, and there are lots of professional master's programs
springing up (see google
and google).

**Law or Medicine**- A major in mathematics is a good preparation
for law or medical school.

**Operations Research** - The application of mathematics to problems
of optimization, especially in the field of business. For more info, check out
What is OR/MS? and The
INFORMS Career Booklet on Is a Career in Operations Research/Management
Science Right for You?

**Research Mathematics** - The study of mathematics for its own
sake. Just about any mathematics faculty member will be more than happy to chat
with you about this. As a career, this almost always requires graduate school;
to investigate the possibilites, think about doing something during the summer.

**Statistics** - The study of methods for collecting, classifying,
analyzing and making inferences from data. For more info, check About
Careers in Statistics at the American Statistical Association's website.
Here is also a statistics job search
site.

**Teaching** - At all levels. Here's EducationWorld's
state certification listings, and UKY's
state certification search for secondary school teaching. To teach at the
community college level, you should get a Master's
degree (either in mathematics or a Master of Arts in Teaching); to teach
at the college level, you should get a Ph.D. (in mathematics, mathematics education,
applied mathematics, or statistics). Here's an annotated
list of K - 12 math sites.

**Technical Writing** - This includes everything from science
reporting for periodicals to writing documentation for computer software to
editing textbooks. For more info, check out Careers
in Science Writing or Careers
in Technical Writing or this
technical writing career profile. Here's a technical
writing jobs site. Here's a math-specific
journalism site by MSRI. Also check out this mini-biography of Allyn
Jackson, who is a technical writer with the American Mathematical Society.
(Not in the mini-bio: she's trained in modern dance as well...)

**What about Graduate School?**

Lots of opportunities are available to those with a bachelor's degree in mathematics.
In some fields, such as biostatistics, finaincial mathematics, or operations
research, a professional master's degree
is preferred (or at least qualifies one for a higher salary). In research mathematics,
a Ph.D. is required. **Keep in mind: graduate school in the mathematical
sciences is often free.** Most Ph.D. programs in pure mathematics have
financial support available in the form of tuition waivers plus a research stipend
or a part-time teaching/grading job. This is also true for Ph.D. programs in
statistics, applied mathematics, computer science, and operations research.
Financial support for master's degrees varies wildly from field to field and
sometimes from school to school; it's rarely available for pure mathematics,
but is much more available for applied mathematics, statistics, financial mathematics,
and biostatistics.

Maybe gradschoolswantyou.com
will provide you with a recruitment opportunity.

Here's are listings of professional
master's degree programs. There are roughly 100 of them.

Want advanced work in actuarial science? Check this
list of programs.

Make your own rankings for Ph.D.
programs (that is, rankings based on criteria you choose)

The XU library has The
Gourman Report, which is the most respected ranking of graduate and professional
programs.

Here are lists of masters and doctoral programs in mathematics
education.

We also have hyperlinked lists of doctoral programs in mathematics,
statistics, and computer
science so you can check out individual departments.

**Books:**

Great Jobs for Math Majors (review)
is in the library

101 Careers in Mathematics (review)
is in the library

**Links to Other Math-Career-Info Sites:**

http://www.math-jobs.com/ (what more
can one say?)

PhDs.org Science, Math, and Engineering Career
Resources

The Mathematical Association of America's Career/Employment
Resources site

The American Mathematical Society's Career
info for undergraduates site

Cal-State-Univ. Fullerton's Careers
in Mathematics site

University of Georgia's Why
Major in Mathematics?

Theodore Shifrin's Mathematics
Job Opportunities

Xavier University's office
of career services

**Internships and Summer Opportunities**

Wow. You're a college student, and so you have lots of skills. Why not use them during the summer? Better yet, why not do something that will also help you determine what you want to do later in life?

If you want to know what research is like, check out the NSF's Research
Experiences for Undergraduates program. If you're thinking of graduate school,
trying an REU is almost a must! They're lots of fun, and you get paid, too.

The Mathematical Association of America has a list
of REUs as well. (Not all are NSF-sponsored.)

There's a summer program for women at Carleton College and we have a personal XU testimonial!

The American Mathematical Society has a list of summer research programs and a list of internships.

Summer Internship List at PhDs.org

What if you want some teaching experience? Try looking at some of these high-school enrichment programs---many of them hire undergrads to assist with teaching or homework.

Note that the above information is all national-type programs. More locally, we have...

Some CS co-op info can be found on the CS Co-op page.

Many insurance companies are interested in hiring mathematics students for summer internships. Call a few and just ask them whether they have positions.

The College of Mount St. Joseph runs a Summer Honors Institute. You might ask them if they hire undergraduates or know of similar local programs that do.

Of course, you can also check the XU office of career services and chat with any faculty member.